Fritz Kahrl

Featured Image

Fritz Kahrl

Dr. Fritz Kahrl oversees E3’s research program and leads our international work, which applies U.S. regulatory experience to emerging electricity sector challenges in China, India, Europe, and Africa. His extensive expertise spans renewable energy integration, resource planning, energy systems modeling, electricity market design, regulatory economics, greenhouse gas accounting, and economic impact analysis. Fritz is a frequent speaker at conferences and a lead author on many of E3’s publications.

The urgency, importance, and complexity of the energy sector’s challenges drive Fritz’s work. These challenges require a combination of political acumen, technical know-how, and communications skills to tackle. Fritz particularly enjoys helping both clients and E3 staff think holistically and strategically about energy problems, from broad goals and aspirations to the technical nuts and bolts of how change occurs. Fritz’s staff mentoring extends to leading E3’s training course and weekly lunch speaker series.

Prior to joining E3 in 2011, Fritz worked as a consultant for the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Agroforestry Centre, and the World Bank; as a research associate for Berkeley Economic Advising and Research; and as a program coordinator for the World Resources Institute. Fritz not only speaks fluent Mandarin, he also makes tasty beer at his house in Berkeley.

Education: PhD and MS, Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley; BA, philosophy, College of William and Mary.


Economic analysis of market-based carbon reduction | Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, 2016–2017

E3 worked with the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to evaluate the economic impacts of adopting a carbon market in Oregon, per the directive of the State Legislature (SB 5701). E3 performed a detailed literature review of cap and trade programs and impacts across North America and Europe. We also developed an economic analysis of Oregon’s climate policies, including an estimate of the potential macroeconomic impacts of cap and trade in Oregon. E3 evaluated two categories of climate policies: (1) ‘complementary policies,’ which are the policies that drive GHG emissions reductions outside of the carbon market (e.g. the renewable portfolio standard and energy efficiency programs), and (2) different configurations of a future carbon market. E3 modeled the complementary policies in the energy-accounting model LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning system), and the impacts of the carbon market using the IMPLAN macroeconomic model. The results of this study were presented to Oregon stakeholders in January 2017, and the Oregon DEQ presented the study results to the Oregon Legislature for consideration in February 2017.



California’s 2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan | CARB, 2016–2017

E3 supported the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in developing an updated “Scoping Plan” strategy for achieving California’s 2030 greenhouse gas target. California Senate Bill 32 (Pavley, 2016) requires the state to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. E3’s analysis evaluated the GHG and cost implications of different 2030 scenarios that are consistent with the state’s current policies and GHG target. For this project, E3 updated the California PATHWAYS model to reflect scenarios and input assumptions requested by the CARB. The model results were translated into inputs to a macroeconomic model (REMI) in analysis performed by the CARB to evaluate impacts to statewide economic growth and jobs. E3’s study results were presented in public stakeholder workshops and are reflected in the final Scoping Plan published in November 2017.



Assessing benefits and challenges of the Western EIM

he grid in the western U.S. is a patchwork of 38 balancing authorities. Each balances its loads and resources independently, exchanging energy through bilateral trades. This inefficient system is being strained with the growing presence of variable resources such as wind and solar. In 2011, the Western Electric Coordinating Council (WECC) engaged E3 to quantify […]


Scroll Up