Director
Lucy McKenzie

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Lucy McKenzie

Lucy McKenzie’s work focuses on quantifying and realizing the economic benefits of electric vehicles (EVs) and other distributed energy resources. Since joining E3 in 2015, she has led work for utilities, regulators, and technology companies across the U.S. Most notably, Lucy has led the development of industry-leading transportation electrification “strategic roadmaps” for both investor-owned and publicly owned utility clients. Her other EV-related projects include quantifying the societal and ratepayer benefits of EVs for utilities around the country; reviewing global best practices on EV regulation and policy for the Sultanate of Oman; developing e-bus rate design recommendations for the California Transit Association; and identifying optimal locations and best practices for public EV charging for PG&E.

Lucy has led work helping California regulators on issues related to flexible loads, low-carbon building standards, and the state’s Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP). She also built NYSERDA’s “Value Stack Calculator” to quantify the value of distributed solar and storage under New York’s updated incentives.

Lucy finds her motivation in enabling technologies and policies that will curb greenhouse gas emissions. She enjoys the technical rigor and collegiality of E3’s work environment, as well as managing cutting-edge projects with outside contributors and diverse clients. Before E3, Lucy worked on projects involving energy and environmental issues at the Analysis Group.

Education: MPP, with a focus on energy policy, Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley; BA, economics, and BA, commerce (finance and accounting), University of Queensland

Projects

Regional EV Impact Analysis | Pacific Northwest Six-Utility Study, 2015-17

After analyzing the costs and benefits of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) for Seattle City Light (SCL), E3 worked with SCL and five additional utilities to complete a Northwest regional analysis covering Washington and Oregon that assessed costs, benefits, opportunities and challenges for the region as a whole and for each utility. E3 investigated the value of PEV adoption from ratepayer and societal perspectives, quantified forecasted load impacts and greenhouse gas emissions, and assessed the value of managed charging in each utility’s service territory, modeling light-duty vehicles as well as taxis and car share vehicles, parcel trucks, buses, and forklifts. Overall, the study found that the region would benefit from transportation electrification through lower overall spending on energy and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. E3’s final report, completed in March 2017, contained extensive documentation for each utility.

Rate Structures for Electrified Transit | California Transit Association, 2018

E3 utilized its deep rate design experience and robust vehicle electrification modeling capabilities to help the California Transit Association (CTA) develop electricity rate structures to promote widespread transit electrification. E3 worked with CTA member agencies to develop key data sets for charging profiles and candidate rate designs. This involved gathering extensive data to create accurate charging profiles for public buses, which differ in terms of charging locations (on route vs. at depot), charging times, and route lengths. E3’s modeling also incorporated forecasted changes in charging technologies as well as current and future bus technology configurations. E3 then developed a wide range of potential rate structures with various time-of-use energy charges and demand charge structures and levels, each of which was designed to be revenue-neutral so that any design could be implemented as an option for the relevant customer class. This project quantified the importance of rate structure selection in delivering value for both “smart” and un-managed charging  and informed the ongoing discussion among utilities, regulators, and transit agencies. CTA represents more than 200 member organizations, including all of California’s largest urban transit operators and dozens of agencies in suburban and rural areas.

Electrification of Transportation (EoT) Strategic Roadmap | Hawaiian Electric Companies, 2017-18

E3 provided the Hawaiian Electric Companies significant support in developing an industry-leading “Electrification of Transportation Strategic Roadmap,” filed in 2018, which outlines key utility initiatives and partnerships designed to realize economic and environmental benefits associated with EVs. In formulating and drafting the Roadmap, E3 developed a rigorous, data-driven approach to identify high-impact utility actions to promote EV adoption, minimize costs and grid impacts, and capture maximum benefits for utility customers. The Roadmap quantifies the significant benefit that EVs are predicted to provide to ratepayers and the state’s economy between now and 2045: up to $1,800 and $2,700 per vehicle, respectively, if more vehicles charge during periods of solar abundance. EVs will also support Hawaii’s ambitious goal of 100% renewable energy by 2045, provide significant CO2 reductions and local air quality benefits, and substantially reduce reliance on imported oil. Near-term priorities include: 1) customer outreach and education; 2) partnering with third parties to build critical charging infrastructure; 3) supporting customers’ transition to electric buses; 4) aligning EV charging with grid needs; and 5) coordinating with ongoing grid modernization efforts.


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